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Ceramics & Porcelain

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Ceramics or pottery is made by forming a ceramic material (often clay) body into objects of a required shape and heating them to high temperatures in a kiln which removes all the water from the clay, and induces reactions that lead to permanent changes to the clay, make it hard, stronger, and insoluble. It may be decorated before or after firing. Pottery is generally broken into three main categories.

Porcelain is a ceramic that is completely vitrified (glass-like), hard, impermeable (even before glazing). It is white or artificially colored, translucent. East Asian traditions classifies pottery into low-fired wares (earthenware) and high-fired wares (often translated as porcelain). High fired ceramics includes stoneware, which is neither white or translucent.

A high proportion of modern porcelain is made of the variant "bone china." Bone china is a type of soft-paste porcelain made from bone ash, feldspar, and kaolin. It has been defined as ware with a translucent body containing a minimum of 30% of phosphate derived from animal bone. Bone china is the strongest of the porcelain or china ceramics, having very high mechanical strength and chip resistance, and is known for its high levels of whiteness and translucency. Its high strength allows it to be produced in thinner cross-sections than other types of porcelain.

Stoneware is a broad term for pottery or other ceramics fired at a relatively high temperature. It may be vitreous or semi-vitreous ceramic made primarily from stoneware clay or fire clay. It is nonporous and does not soak up liquids) and it may or may not be glazed. Many crock pots and jugs are classified as stoneware.

Earthenware is glazed or unglazed non-vitreous pottery that has generally fired at a lower temperature than stoneware or porcelain. Earthenware comprises all primitive pottery whatever the color, all terra-cottas (red clay based), most building bricks, and nearly all European pottery up to the seventeenth century, and American pottery through the beginning of the 18th century. Earthenware, when fired, is opaque, soft and capable of being scratched with a knife. It may be white or light-colored (i.e., slightly greyish, cream or ivory), red, or yellow.

In this category we have we have assembled various porcelain, ceramic, and earthenware pieces of various types and use. See also our Dinnerware Replacements page.

Antique Gustavsberg Art Pottery Pitcher with pewter lid, Sweden

Antique Gustavsberg Art Pottery Pitcher with pewter lid, Sweden

This is an antique well-crafted Gustavsberg art pottery pitcher. It is green with a pewter lid and stands about 10.5 inches tall. It has heraldic...
$36.99
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Antique Imperial Guardian Lion Foo Dog Luster Vase Pekingese

Antique Imperial Guardian Lion Foo Dog Luster Vase Pekingese

This is an old and attractive pink vase or urn with lion - dog handles. It is probably Chinese where the handle figures are known as Imperial...
$87.99
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Antique or Vintage Figural Mustard Jar Deer Stag Antler Form

Antique or Vintage Figural Mustard Jar Deer Stag Antler Form

This is an old or antique ceramic mustard or jam jar in the form of a piece of antler, with an antler horn handle, and the outline of stags and does...
$12.99
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Antique Porcelain Urchin Coral Form Jam or Mustard Jar Lid Spoon

Antique Porcelain Urchin Coral Form Jam or Mustard Jar Lid Spoon

This is a nice naturalistic design jam or mustard jar. It is quite unusual in that it features a design modeled on the test (shell) of a sea urchin...
$14.99
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Bing and Grondahl B G Lily Valley Oyster Sauce Ring Dish

Bing and Grondahl B G Lily Valley Oyster Sauce Ring Dish

This is a small Bing and Grondahl Copenhagen dish in their Lily of the Valley Pattern. It may either be a small condiment dish, or meant as a...
$9.99
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Contemporary Navajo Indian Kokopelli Vase Signed Mitchell

Contemporary Navajo Indian Kokopelli Vase Signed Mitchell

This studio pottery Navajo Indian Kokopelli style vase is signed Mitchell (followed by what looks like a letter B), and the word Navajo. It was...
$7.99
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De Porceleyne Fles Royal Delft Clog Dutch Shoe dated 1958

De Porceleyne Fles Royal Delft Clog Dutch Shoe dated 1958

This is a ceramic dutch shoe or clog made by De Porceleyne Fles, also know as Royal Delft as indicated by the back marks. It is about two inches tall...
$54.99
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